From Karina Javier
A quick update from Karina Javier, an alumna of the DTP Indigenous Peoples Program held in Malaysia in 2012.
Its been so long since I had the time to provide the DTP with updates on what we are doing from this side of the world as I have been busy recovering from my accident, then I had to focus on my studies.
I had the opportunity of providing a brief orientation to select IP Mandatory Representatives of San Jose and Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines about the provisions of the Republic Act 8371, also known as the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) last February. The activity also discussed the provisions of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) Memorandum Circular 2010-119 in connection with the Republic Act 7160 (Local Government Code of 1991) on Mandatory Representatives.
As a result of this activity, I will be conducting a follow up activity this May 28-30, 2016 in San Jose Occidental Mindoro with select IP mandatory representatives of the whole province of Occidental Mindoro. The acitivity will focus on the orientation and training on the roles and responsibilities of IP Mandatory Representatives to the Local Legislative bodies, using a toolkit developed for mainstream local council members. (The toolkit was developed by DILG for mainstream councilors, and was funded by the World Bank.) Since the participants are members of Indigenous peoples, I had to revise the toolkit to make it culturally appropriate, using the contexts of IPs.
These are still in line with the overall advocacy framework which initiated immediately after my training at the DTP last May 2012 in Sabah, Malaysia.
This is all for now. Good luck on your activities, and thank you so much for keeping the alumni posted!
In service of the marginalised, I remain,
Karen Gomez Dumpit
We would like to congratulate Karen Gomez Dumpit on her appointment as Commissioner to the Philippines Human Rights Commission. Ms Dumpit is an alumna of the DTP Capacity Building Program on Human Rights and Migrant Workers in the Asia-Pacific held in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia in 2006. She has acted as a valued trainer in subsequent DTP programs.
Md. Pervez Siddique
DR COLIN NICHOLAS
Dr Colin Nicholas attended the first Annual Training Programme of DTP back in 1990. This was the year following his founding of the Centre for Orang Asli Concerns (COAC) – the Orang Asli are the indigenous minority peoples of Peninsular Malaysia.
He has remained the Coordinator of the Centre to the present day and continues to be invited to speak on Orang Asli issues. COAC is based in Subang Jaya, Malaysia. The Center was established in 1989 to advance the cause of the Orang Asli – whether via the greater dissemination of Orang Asli news and views, assisting in court cases involving Orang Asli rights, or in developing arguments for lobbying and advocacy work.
COAC functions primarily as a center to facilitate Orang Asli initiatives at self-development and in defense of their rights, and to support those who want to promote such initiatives.
The focus is on Orang Asli communities who still want to exercise autonomy and control over their social institutions, their traditional territories and their future, but are unable to do so fully because of factors outside their control.
Dr Colin Nicholas received his PhD (with Distinction) in 1999 from the Institute of Advanced Studies, Universiti Malaya on the topic of Orang Asli: Politics, Development and Identity.
He is the author of several popular and academic articles as well as of several books on the indigenous and Orang Asli issues–including Pathways to Dependence (Monash University, 1996), The Orang Asli and the Contest for Resources (COAC/IWGIA, 2000, reprinted 2004) and The Orang Asli and the UNDRIP: From Rhetoric to Recognition (COAC 2010).
He was one of the expert witnesses in the precedent-setting case in 2002 on the Orang Asli land rights case that was judged in the Orang Asli’s favour; a role he continues to play in ongoing Orang Asli land cases.
He is also a keen photographer and has had his photos used and exhibited in various media and events, and he keeps on using the tools from the DTP training to support the Orang Asli to claim their rights.
MANDIRA SHARMA – Winner of the Human Rights Watch Human Rights Defender Award
Mandira Sharma is an alumna of the DTP training program in 1995.
She was the first woman from her village in far west Nepal to have passed law school. Since her graduation from University in Kathmandu in 1990 she has worked for grassroots organizations advocating on behalf of prisoners, defending the rights of people in detention, and fighting against torture and ill-treatment and for proper legal representation of all prisoners, both political and non-political.
She began her career as a human rights defender with the renowned Centre for Victims of Torture (CVICT) where she worked till 1991.
She spent three years, from 1996 to 1999, managing a rehabilitation program in women's prisons for the women and their dependent children. She surveyed all 16 prisons in the eastern regions of Nepal and 10 more in the central region, and was struck by the injustice meted out to prisoners. She saw that torture under police custody was a big problem, affecting the entire system.
With a grant from the British Council Mandira gained a Master of Laws degree in 2000 from the University of Essex where well-known human rights lawyer Kevin Boyle was one of her mentors.
On her return to Nepal from Essex University, Mandira was one of the founders of Advocacy-Forum Nepal a non-governmental organization that works to promote the rule of law and to uphold international human rights standards in Nepal. At first the organization saw few successes. Visiting detention centres and talking to prisoners was a challenge in itself. What Advocacy-Forum found all too often, were long-term prisoners whose records were non-existent, few with access to legal representation, and certainly no access to legal aid.
Mandira decided to turn to the UN human rights system hoping to mobilize pressure on the Nepalese authorities. From 2002 she began to bombard the UN and international human rights NGOs (Amnesty International, FIDH, Human Rights Watch) with ten cases per day of documented cases of human rights violations. This resulted in the UN Working Group on Disappearances naming Nepal as the country with the highest number of disappearances.
Advocacy-Forum has grown from strength to strength. Over 130 victims’’ groups have been organized. These include both victims from state sponsored violations and those by the Maoists: “the pain is the same in both”, says Mandira. The organization now has 150 staff and operates in 20 districts. It is beginning to look at incorporating victims of abuse of economic and social rights in its work. Mandira has stepped down from her executive position and is now the Chair. She still lobbies the UN when she visits Geneva a couple of times each year.
Mandira ‘s work has not all been smooth sailing. She had to fight with the Bar Association which criticized her for going straight to the victims rather than working through the courts and soliciting legal aid for prisoners. More recently Advocacy-Forum was infiltrated by the security services with files deleted from computers and passwords hacked. This was followed by a coordinated media campaign against Mandira herself accusing her of all kinds of misdeeds.
Mandira is complimentary about the DTP training she attended in 1995 where she learnt a great deal about the international human rights framework. She comments that the program would have been even more useful if it had included more details about the UN Special Procedures and on how to access the various human rights mechanisms. Mandira says that the information about how to access the Treaty Bodies and the preparation of “shadow reports” was particularly important in her work on behalf of prisoners.
Mandira Sharma is that rare person, a committed human rights activist with a sense of fun. Despite the many abuses she has witnessed she retains her good humour and looks on the world with an amused and tolerant smile. That tolerance, of course, does not extend to the abusers. She is a role model for all of us.
ABEL GUTERRES - Alumnus 10th DTP Annual Training Progam
Abel Guterres accepts his Ambassadorial post before President Ramos Horta
Abel Guterres was a teacher in Baucau when civil war broke out In East Timor in 1974. He fled to Darwin weeks before the Indonesian invasion and wound up in Melbourne without a word of English.
Among at least fourteen of his close family killed by the Indonesian army was his father Reciboro. Abel Guterres was only to return to East Timor in 1999. In the meantime he became an indefatigable advocate for the independence of East Timor.
A great many East Timorese refugees wound up in Melbourne following the Indonesian invasion and it was from there that Abel Guterres campaigned for the Australian Government to grant them permanent residency. He was eventually successful in 1977. Because he was not qualified to teach in an Australian school, Guterres worked on Melbourne trams and buses, donating the bulk of his earnings to the campaign for independence.
His high profile in the Timorese community was boosted when he became the Australian spokesperson for Fretilin, one of the largest political parties before the Indonesian invasion and the largest resistance group following it. When the various political groupings within and outside Timor formed the National Council for Timorese Resistance, Abel Guterres became its Australian spokesperson. He was also responsible for the creation and promotion of “friendship groups” between Australia and Timor, and numerous Australian local government authorities added their voices to the cause of an independent Timor.
He was awarded a British Council fellowship to Oxford University in 1998 where he studied international law and politics. Abel Guterres was a participant in DTP’s 10th Annual Program in 2000. These equipped him even more for his position within the newly independent Timor Leste’s Foreign Ministry. He returned to Canberra in May 2010 as Ambassador to Australia.
His long time association and collaboration with the co-founder of DTP, Jose Ramos-Horta, has made Abel Guterres a strong supporter of DTP and its programs. He kindly agreed to be a Special Guest at the 2008 annual program of the organization and as Ambassador graciously took part in DTP’s 20th anniversary celebrations in 2010.
YUYUN WAHYUNINGRUM - FOUNDER OF ASEANCATS
Hi! I am Yuyun Wahyuningrum. I am Indonesian. Currently I work as Senior Advisor on ASEAN and Human Rights at the Indonesia’s NGO Coalition for International Human Rights Advocacy (or Human Rights Working Group – HRWG) in Jakarta, Indonesia. As Senior Advisor I design overall and long-term strategy for advocacy for the organization, communicate them internally and externally and collectively bring the impacts to the issues we are tackling. I also engage with the government both at the national level and at the regional level, especially in the area of agenda and standard-setting.
The Internet has changed the way we do our activisms and networking compared with ten years ago. In 2010, I created an e-group calls ASEANCats@googlegroups.com, a list-serve that was created in 2010 and is dedicated to discuss and share the information about ASEAN and its related issues. It has more than 1,150 email accounts from all over the world and all kinds of backgrounds. So, I want ASEANCats to be the platform where people get the information for their work and get connected to wider groups in addressing their concerns on ASEAN.
I attended DTP in 2004 in Timor Leste. In that time I was the Southeast Asia Coordinator of the Child Workers in Asia (CWA) based in Bangkok, Thailand. I realize that knowledge I gathered, friends I met, the context where I was in (some places in Timor Leste) in DTP contributed to the way I make decisions and see things in my professional and social life. Appreciation to the live we life-in, sense of social justice, respect differences, preference to empowerment approaches, are the things that have shaped my adult life. I have been here and there, but human rights will continue to be my focus of work and the good thing is I will never be alone, as wherever I go, I always find DTP alumna!
KEZ HALL - Deputy ICC Manager, FaHCSIA, Alice Springs ICC
I attended the inaugural 1990 Training Program in Sydney and have photos of Dr Ramos-Horta, myself and the Aboriginal participants – including Delphine Stanford, Pilawuk (White) & Dolly Eatts – who later travelled Europe with her son to crusade for Indigenous rights in Australia following the fatal police shooting of her husband in their home in Sydney.
I also met Dr Pritchard at this forum and in Geneva when I did two meetings of the Working Group on the Rights of Indigenous People (WGIP) in 1991 & 1992, chaired then by Mdme Irene Dais.
Another participant from the 1990 program was Dr Marti Patel whom I worked with in Thailand at a 3 week training course she organised for displaced Burmese women (1993). These women represented several of the country’s ethnic nationalities and many were members of the National League for Democracy (more photos).
So great to see the magnificent strides the world of Human Rights has witnessed with the persistence of Aung San Suu Kyi & the NLD.
I am so proud to be associated with the DTP and the fantastic achievements of Dr Ramos-Horta and UNSW and Organisations like the Fred Hollows Foundation in this country.
I have been associated with Olga Havnen over the years and particularly when I was Chairperson of the Top End Aboriginal Coalition (TEAC) in the 1980’s, which championed the rights of Larrakia people and other groups living in the Greater Darwin area. We were one Organisation that lobbied for Constitutional reform and a share of the GDP of Australia for all Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander nations.
I also have an endearing legacy being taken to forums in my teens (1970’s), by my Mother, human rights activist Vai Stanton who was a friend of Sekai & Jim Holland, now working back in her homeland of Zimbabwe (and in honour of whom – I named my daughter Skei).
So many strong human rights advocates that I am in contact with from time to time like Sonia Smallacombe at the Permanent Forum in New York, Annie Kennedy who taught at the Burmese program & is involved in Central Australia & the Pacific on Women’s rights; Christine Charles, whom I call Sister, a long time champion of women and Indigenous rights and a close friend of Lowitja O’Donoghue whom I worked with on the CRC for Aboriginal Health & learnt from at the WGIP when she was ATSIC Chair.
I am proud to say I have held onto the teachings, some relationships and many of the foundations taught by DTP and the amazing people like John Scott-Murphy & Garth Nettheim.
I am fortunate to have participated in human rights forums in my youth around leaders like, Gary Foley, Bruce McGuinness, Linda Burney, Tom Calma, Marcia Langton, David Ross, Mick Dodson, Patrick Dodson, June Oscar and so many of our nations advocates in Australia.
Even though I now participate less publicly, I am heartened by the changes in civil society towards fundamental rights particularly the way Indigenous Nations exercise their rights and the lessons we can all take from the many locations and socio-economic & political circumstances. The least I can do is continue to be a member of the Congress and IHRNA to keep informed and involved to some extent.
In my other “life” as a mother and grandmother I will pass these legacies on to my grandchildren.
MORSE COAGAS FLORES - Coordinator, United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership
I attended the 15th Annual Program in East Timor in 2005. At the time I was working mainly on indigenous peoples rights with grassroots and national indigenous youth organizations in the Philippines
I am currently serving as the Technical Secretariat of the newly created United Nations Indigenous Peoples Partnership (UNIPP)- a collaboration between the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to work together to promote the rights of indigenous peoples. UNIPP will be the first global inter-agency initiative with a programmatic focus on indigenous peoples at the country level, supported and complemented by strategic interventions at regional and international levels.
The DTP training program helped a great deal in my work. It’s the variety of the technical subjects and themes that were discussed, the quality of facilitators, trainers, participants and the methodology used. I like the fact that the training combined information dissemination, awareness raising on specific thematic issues and at the same time, it involves learning skills to ensure that the knowledge learned and acquired are shared to others. The institutional visits and meeting with key human rights defenders and leaders is also very inspiring. For me, meeting both Jose Ramos Horta & Xanana Gusmao was just inspiring, listening to their stories and their own experiences, struggles and lessons learned was just phenomenal!
Finally, I should add that DTP’s Programme was developed in a way that anyone who joins the course will be able to train others in their own communities and organizations.
The training inspired me to think beyond my own community. It’s really good to be in a community of human rights practitioner and DTP provided that. The network that the course has provided is no doubt one of its main impacts not only at the personal but most especially on the organizational level. Through the network of participants, we have continued to share info on each other’s human rights advocacy and monitoring strategies; we have also shared information about resource mobilization and continued to strengthen our collaboration and partnership in the region.
In the end, I would end up meeting my batch mates in other human rights meetings in the region (Asia Pacific) but not as participants anymore but trainers, a great progress from what we have started. Most recently, I have met a couple of others in my batch in the UN, especially within the various procedures connected with the Human Rights Council, either as part of the Government delegation, NGO representatives and Academicians. Such occasions provide us the opportunity to look back our common experience in the DTP Programme and recognized the fact that we were truly lucky to have the opportunity of being a part of the ever expanding DTP Family.
For example, while I was on mission to Jakarta a couple of weeks ago, I met one of my batch mates from Indonesia, Ms. Yuyun Wahyuningrum, who is now serving as the Senior Advisor on ASEAN and Human Rights at the Indonesia’s NGO Coalition for International Human Rights Advocacy (or Human Rights Working Group – HRWG) in Jakarta, Indonesia. During our short meeting, Yuyun managed to update me on the latest developments of the recently adopted ASEAN Human Rights Declaration and the role that NGO plays in its adoption despite the criticisms that has followed its adoption.
While monitoring the UPR Session of Australia in July 2012 in the UN, I met with another batch mate, Ms. Katy Kiss who is currently serving as the Principal Adviser - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Team, Australian Human Rights Commission. It’s interesting to know how many of us have switch hats, other who used to work with NGOs are now in Government and vice versa. But one thing that has not change is our passion for human rights!
I would like to continue working with human rights in general and indigenous peoples rights in particular in the UN for a couple of years more, then move back to the region, either in Asia (Bangkok) or Pacific (Suva) to give back from where I started. I also need to finish my PhD and teach International and Human Rights in the University.
DAVID ROSS - Alumnus of the first DTP Indigenous Program in 1990
David Ross was a participant in the DTP Indigenous Peoples’ Rights way back in 1990, the foundational year of the Diplomacy Training Program. He was already then – for the first time –the Director of the Central Land Council (CLC) based in Alice Springs.
David had started work at the CLC in 1979 where he served as operations manager, secretary to the council, assistant director, and was finally appointed its Director in 1989 and remained there till 1994.
At the time he was also an executive committee member of the Alice Springs Regional Council, and on the board of management of Imparja Television based in Alice Springs.
He then served from 1995-1999 as the inaugural Executive Chairman of the Indigenous Land Corporation (ILC), a national authority established in 1995 to address Indigenous land need and assist Indigenous peoples in land management throughout Australia.
He was reappointed in 2000 – and remains – Director of the Central Land Council, representing the Aboriginal Peoples of Central Australia.
David Ross has a long history of service to the Aboriginal Peoples of Central Australia. Apart from his leadership roles in the CLC and the ILC, Davis Ross was appointed in 1994 (at the same time as Lois O’Donoghue of South Australia and June Oscar of Western Australia) a Commissioner of the Australian and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) for a two-year term by then Minister for Aboriginal Affairs, Robert Tickner. Ross has also attended meetings of the United Nations Working Party on Indigenous Populations in Geneva as a representative of a non-government organization.
David Ross has been Chairman of the Board of Management of the Centre for Indigenous Natural and Cultural Resource Management at the Northern Territory University, is a member of the South Australian Museum Board Aboriginal Advisory Group, and the Chair of Kings Canyon Nominees which runs Kings Canyon Resort.
David Ross who is a qualified builder, holds an Associate Diploma in Business Management from the South Australia Institute of Technology. He has had a long-standing commitment to long-term Indigenous development and has played a key role in establishing successful community-controlled Indigenous business enterprises and joint venture partnerships.
Ross was born in Alice Springs and is of Arrernte and Kaytetye descent.
JABBAR BHATTI - Human Rights Actvist Blogger
I attended the DTP training program at Baguio City in Philippines in 2011. It gave me manifold opportunities and a profound understanding of the human rights subject. This encouraged me to work on the human rights issues in an organized and systematic way, especially in Sindh, a province of Pakistan. After attending this training I initiated my Organization named Institute for Social Change-ISC which is mainly focusing on Human Rights Education and Peace-Building in Sindh.
In fact, that training taught me lot and inspired me so that I could work for the human rights education among the youth. This is the reason that I have conducted a number of training sessions for youth and community activists on human rights education, which I have been sharing to you from time to time. Recently, I organized a training on the International Human Rights System in March 2013 in which more than 45 youth of diversified background participated.
Previously, before this training I knew little about human rights and my understanding was not very deep. If, I had not attended that training in Baguio, I may not have initiated my own organization and my focus could have been divided, but that training inclined me to focus my work on the rights based approach which I am doing today.
In addition to this, I also have developed Human Rights Media Monitoring Reports on a monthly basis to tell the world what is happening in Sindh with regard to human rights violation and abuses and I have circulate these reports to various stakeholders including human rights organizations, institutes, human rights activists, the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, INGOs and Media Personnel and writers etc.
Most importantly, that training encouraged me to write on the human rights issues in local newspapers and till now I have written around 15 articles in local language Sindhi which have been published in daily awami awaz. You can see my recently published article on Sunday April 21, 2013, on the website: awamiawaz.net. I have written this article in the context of upcoming general election of Pakistan which is going to be held on May 11, 2013.
As far as further training are concerned, they would give me more expertise on the human rights subject and would enable me to conduct trainings for human rights activists, NGOs professional, and to write stories and articles on the subject and to write to different international organizations with more clarity and understanding. It would also give me an opportunity to have good and effective network of human rights activists around the work who could be our supporters in many ways aiming to protect the basic human rights of every citizen of Pakistan.
Further trainings can also enhance my intellectual capacity used for making strong lobbying with legislators and parliamentarians for further legislation on the human rights issues to give policy and constitutional protection to the people of grass root level. In addition to this, my confidence, my interaction and opportunities of working together could be increased.
PRAKASH KHADKA - Peace worker on a motorbike
Ever since I joined in the Nepal Unit of IMCS-Pax Romana in 2002, my spirit grew up in the favour of social justice and peace. Thinking globally and acting locally, slowly and steadily; marching forwards, I became to be known as one of the active youth leader among the Catholic youth circle by 2007. I also had an opportunity to write as a correspondent for UCAN: an international Catholic News Agency (2008-2011) in which I started to cover news articles on the perspective of human rights, social justice and peace. Doing an internship in the 13th session of UN HRC in 2010 made me familiar with UN mechanism of human rights. Later 21st DTP Annual Human Rights and Peoples’ Program for Human Rights Defenders in 2011 boosted me up with dense thematic knowledge.
Currently I work for the social wellbeing of resettled IDPs in remote parts of west Nepal as a part of my job. I facilitate basic human rights training to young people and animation training to local NGOs. I am informally engaged on interreligious dialogue and settling minor cases of domestic violence, violence against women and children as a mediator. And for some time I have been trying to help asylum seekers. In 2012, I formed the Inclusive and Communicative Action Network (ICAN): an informal network of individual young professionals, youth and students at inter/national level. ICAN intends to motivate young people to contribute to peace and human rights at their local level. I am recently certified as a Front Line Defender too.
Now my formal and informal involvement in human rights and peace works at the grass root level made me to reflect: What is the real vision of human rights for me?
One’s political ideology should not influence human rights works. Among the human rights activists, retrogressive forces are trying to support the status quo and hence the prevailing cultural impunity, whereas progressive forces are over-reactive, lacking cultural sensitivity. Very few may have a balanced view on it.
At this context one has to internalize what is being doing in the name of human rights. Now it is time to count, how far did we reach? Are we starting an unfinished journey? What Mandela mentioned in his last page; to create the situation that Martin Luther King dreamed about; to emancipate from the current slaveries?
We all (activists) dream for a just and equitable society where each and every individual enjoy their rights. Poverty being a main challenge of our present societies; it is really important for us to reflect what our vision for human rights is. Human rights should be animated by human dignity and the common good.
Sk MOJIBUL HUQ - Alumnus 19th Annual Program
I had the opportunity to participate in the 19th Annual Diplomacy Training Program in Timor-Leste (East Timor) on November 2009. The training allowed me to think about the right based approach to development; to learn how to document and to protest Human Rights violation issues within the country (Grass root to National) and internationally.
The training helped me to think about individual rights as well as community rights. It helped to motivate program participants (beneficiaries) to raise their voices in case of human rights violation issues from grass root to national and to motivate them to claim their rights as an individual or through Community Based Organizations (CBOs). As a planner; now I am able to integrate the Rights Based Approach to sustainable development at an early stage of project planning. I have been engaging marginalized / deprived / disadvantage communities as program participants. This engagement increasingly involves HR organizations, workers / activists, media houses and media peoples, service providers, Government officials and policy makers throughout the project implementation period.
The DTP training helped me to build a strong network with right based Advocacy, social communication and Human Rights organizations nationally and internationally.
I have been using lessons learnt in the training in staff development; as a facilitator continuously sharing human rights issues in training and orientation that I facilitate.
Since the training in December 2009 in Timor-Leste I have been working on the following:
- Forming and coordinating a network on migration to established migrants’ rights named National Alliance for Migrants Rights Bangladesh (NAMRB); I jointly organized a campaign for the ratification of the UN convention on migrants’ and their family members (Bangladesh Ratified 24th August 2011); Campaigned for Migrants’ Voting Rights; decentralization of migrantion services to the doorsteps of potential migrants’ (already step taken by the BangladeshGovernment).
- Leading social communication and advocacy program in favour of Ultra / Extreme Poor to established poverty rights (Access to existing Gov. services); the number is presently 10% of total 150 million populations of Bd; in 2002 it was 19% of total population.
- Developing a working relationship with Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission, rights based organizations like Ain-O–Sahlish Kendra (ASK), Adhiker etc.
- Member of Anti Smoking Alliance i.e. Work for Better Bangladesh (WBB) Trust; Bangladesh Poribesh Andolon means an alliance of protecting and promoting environmental rights.
- Jointly organized South Asian Social Forum in Bangladesh on 18-22 November 2011 as BRAC representative.
- Developed working relationship with ILO, UN women, IOM and have communication with Amnesty international, HR watch; UN periodic review report; environmental network, BBC media action group etc
- Was awarded on March 2013 the ‘BRAC Values Award – 2013, for belief and practice of four core values of BRAC a. Integrity b. Innovation c. Inclusiveness d. Effectiveness; in everyday life and motivate BRAC staff to do the same.